Although rainforests only cover 2 percent of the Earth’s surface area, they play a very important role in regulating temperatures and climate of the world.
Rainforests are also home to around 50 percent of the world’s animals and plants and it is believed that there are still millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms that are still yet to be discovered.
Rainforests are also one of the world’s most beautiful places. So, today we look at the ten biggest rainforests in the world.
#1 Sundarbans Reserve Forest
The Sundarbans is a 10,000 square km forest reserve, which lies in India (40%) and Bangladesh (60%). The entire region is densely covered by mangrove forests and is the home to the Bengal tiger.
#2 Sinharaja Forest Reserve
Located in Sri Lanka, the Sinharaja Forest Reserve was declared a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978. Although the reserve is only 21 km (13 mi) from east to west, and a maximum of 7 km (4.3 mi) from north to south, it is home to many species of including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
#3 Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve
Located in Costa Rica, this reserve consists of over 10,500 hectares (26,000 acres) of cloud forest. This reserve consists of 6 ecological zones (90% of which are virgin forest) with over 2,500 plant species, 100 species of mammals, 400 bird species, 120 reptilian and amphibian species, and thousands of insects species.
#4 Kinabalu National Park
Located in Malaysia, the Kinabalu National Park covers an area of 754 square kilometres, surrounding Mount Kinabalu, the highest mountain on the island of Borneo.
The Kinabalu National Park is an important biological site as it is the home to more than 4,500 species of animals, plants and insects. The park is one of the most popular tourist spots in Malaysia, with more than 400,000 visitors visiting the park every year.
#5 Kerinci Seblat National Park
Located in on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, the Kerinci Seblat National Park covers an area of 13,791 square kilometres. The Kerinci Seblat National Park being home to over 4000 species of plants and animals including the world’s largest flower, Rafflesia arnoldi (Stinking corpse lily) and the Sumatran Tiger.
#6 Tongass National Forest
Located in southern Alaska, the Tongass National Forest is the biggest national forest in the US, covering an area of 17 million acres. This national part is considered to be very important as it is the home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna.
#7 Daintree Rainforest
Located on the north-east coast of Queensland, the Daintree Rainforest is the only rainforest on the Australian continent, which is mostly covered in desert.
Although this rainforest only takes up 0.1% of the total Australian landmass, it still covers an area of 1,200 square kilometres. The Daintree Rainforest is home to over 12000 species of insect and 90% of Australia’s bat and butterfly species.
#8 Valdivian temperate rain forest
Located in Chile and Argentina, the Valdivian temperate rainforest covers an area of 248,100 square kilometre. The Valdivian temperate rainforest is mostly dominated by evergreen trees, though coniferous trees are also common.
This rainforest is also known for its dense undergrowth of bamboos and ferns.
#9 The Congo Rainforest
Situated in central Africa, the Congo Rainforest is the second largest rainforest in the world, covering an area of 3.7 million square kilometres. The Congo rainforest is home to the second largest river in the world, the Congo River.
The Basin of the Congo River makes up around 70% of Africa’s biodiversity and is home to over 10,000 animal species and 600 tree species
#10 The Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon rainforest is the biggest in the world with it covering an area of 7,000,000 square kilometres. Around 60% of the rainforest is situated in Brazil, with the rest extending into Peru (13%), Colombia (10%), Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
The Amazon is the most biodiverse tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 16,000 species of trees, 2.5 million insect species, 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles.
This region is also home to the Amazon river, the largest river in the world.
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