Humans have been erecting monuments and other structures for ages ever since they developed the science of architecture.
Different structures and monuments were built for different reasons, with some being erected to honour the gods, some for political reasons, and others for kings and queens.
So here are the top 11 man-made wonders you should visit especially if you have a keen interest in architecture and history.
1. Eiffel Tower – France
The Eiffel Tower, nicknamed as La dame de fer (the iron lady), is one of the most visited structures in the world. Reaching a height of 984 ft. (320.75 metres) and weighing 7000 tonnes, this structure, which was completed in 1889 was built to celebrate the architectural and engineering achievements of its age.
2. Leaning Tower of Pisa – Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a freestanding bell tower (a part of the cathedral complex of Pisa) situated in the town of Pisa in Italy. Completed in 1372, the tower is famous for its unintended tilt.
3. Acropolis of Athens – Greece
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient complex situated on a hill above the city of Athens. Believed to have been built between 13th century BC and 5th 13th century BC, this archaeological site contains the ruins of several historically significant buildings.
4. Roman Colosseum – Italy
The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of Rome, Italy. Completed in 80 A.D, the Colosseum, which is built of concrete and sand, used to host gladiator fights.
5. Taj Mahal – India
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum situated on the banks of the river Yamuna in Agra. It was commissioned by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 (completed in 1648) in memory of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal.
6. Chichen Itza – Mexico
Chichén Itzá is a complex of Mayan ruins situated on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. El Castillo (aka also known as the Temple of Kukulcan), is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the 6.5-sq.-km archaeological site, which is believed to have thrived between 600 to 1200 A.D.
7. Stonehenge – England
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England. Believed to have been built between 3000 BC to 2000 BC, the exact function of this monument is still unknown.
8. Machu Picchu – Peru
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel located in the Andes mountain range, above the Urubamba River valley, in Peru. Built at the peak of the Incan Empire in the 15th century, this mountain citadel, which was later abandoned for reasons unknown, is believed to have been a sacred centre.
9. Great wall of China – China
The Great Wall of China is a collection of multiple walls built and extended by various Chinese rulers between the 5th century B.C. and the 16th century. Spreading across approximately 4,000 miles, the Great Wall was built to protect the Chinese Empire from various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe.
10. Great Pyramid of Giza – Egypt
Believed to have been built around 5000 years ago, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only surviving wonder of the ancient world. Built by Khufu (the second ruler of the 4th dynasty), the Great Pyramid is built of approximately 2.3 million stone blocks, each weighing an average of 2.5 to 15 tonnes each.
Do you know about any other wonders? Feel free share in the comment section.