The Worst Volcanic Eruptions In History

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Earth has gone through many natural transformations in its 4.5 Billion year history. There have been Ice Ages, Continental Drifts, earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, tornadoes, hurricanes, avalanches, droughts, volcanic eruptions and so much more.

These environmental phenomena have helped shaped the Earth into the planet it has become now. Volcanic eruptions have been one of the most interesting of nature’s disasters as they are associated with climatic change, earthquakes, tidal waves, landslides and fire. It is like all the natural disasters at once.

The last few years have seen less lethal in comparison to some of the worse volcanic eruptions in history. Let us take a look at some of the worst volcanic eruptions ever witnessed on our planet

Here is a list of the worst Volcanoes to have existed in Earth’s history and how many lives they claimed


10: Mount Vesuvius, Italy (79 AD)

Lives Lost: 3,360 to 10,000 (estimated)



9. Mount Vesuvius, Italy (1631)

Lives Lost: 3,500 to 10,000 (estimated)



8. Galunggung, Indonesia (1882)

Lives Lost: 4,011



7. Kelut, Indonesia (1919)

Lives Lost: 5,100



6. Laki Volcano, Iceland 

Lives Lost: 9,350



5. Mount Unzen, Japan (1792)

Lives Lost: 14,300



4. Mount Ruiz – Nevado Del Ruiz, Colombia (1985)

Lives lost: 25,000



3. Mount Pelee, Martinique (1902)

Lives lost: 29,025



2. Anak Krakatau, Indonesia (1883)

Lives lost: 36,417



1. Tambora, Indonesia (1815)

Lives lost: 95,000


The Tambora earthquake was responsible for one of the worst droughts of all time, it even caused for a winter to not appear for a whole season across the world, even in Europe.

Krakatoa’s explosion was so deafening, it could be heard in Australia, and killed more people through its resulting Tsunami’s than through the explosion itself.

Mount St. Helen’s which erupted in the USA in 1980 was quite lethal but due to the lack of human habitation around the area and steps taken by the government for evacuation, the death toll was significantly lesser.

A number of volcanoes seem to exist around the Pacific Ring of Fire region which is mainly Indonesia. Hence there is increased activity around the area. Mount Vesuvius is a popular volcano as it supposedly destroyed the famous towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum, as observed by Pliny The Younger.

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